LarryDpk
发布于 2021-02-10 / 2472 阅读 / 1 评论 / 0 点赞

Springboot WebFlux集成Spring Security实现JWT认证

1 简介

在之前的文章《Springboot集成Spring Security实现JWT认证》讲解了如何在传统的Web项目中整合Spring SecurityJWT,今天我们讲解如何在响应式WebFlux项目中整合。二者大体是相同的,主要区别在于Reactive WebFlux与传统Web的区别。

2 项目整合

引入必要的依赖:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-webflux</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>io.jsonwebtoken</groupId>
  <artifactId>jjwt</artifactId>
  <version>0.9.1</version>
</dependency>

2.1 JWT工具类

该工具类主要功能是创建、校验、解析JWT

@Component
public class JwtTokenProvider {

    private static final String AUTHORITIES_KEY = "roles";

    private final JwtProperties jwtProperties;

    private String secretKey;

    public JwtTokenProvider(JwtProperties jwtProperties) {
        this.jwtProperties = jwtProperties;
    }

    @PostConstruct
    public void init() {
        secretKey = Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(jwtProperties.getSecretKey().getBytes());
    }

    public String createToken(Authentication authentication) {

        String username = authentication.getName();
        Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> authorities = authentication.getAuthorities();
        Claims claims = Jwts.claims().setSubject(username);
        if (!authorities.isEmpty()) {
            claims.put(AUTHORITIES_KEY, authorities.stream().map(GrantedAuthority::getAuthority).collect(joining(",")));
        }

        Date now = new Date();
        Date validity = new Date(now.getTime() + this.jwtProperties.getValidityInMs());

        return Jwts.builder()
                .setClaims(claims)
                .setIssuedAt(now)
                .setExpiration(validity)
                .signWith(SignatureAlgorithm.HS256, this.secretKey)
                .compact();

    }

    public Authentication getAuthentication(String token) {
        Claims claims = Jwts.parser().setSigningKey(this.secretKey).parseClaimsJws(token).getBody();

        Object authoritiesClaim = claims.get(AUTHORITIES_KEY);

        Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> authorities = authoritiesClaim == null ? AuthorityUtils.NO_AUTHORITIES
                : AuthorityUtils.commaSeparatedStringToAuthorityList(authoritiesClaim.toString());

        User principal = new User(claims.getSubject(), "", authorities);

        return new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(principal, token, authorities);
    }

    public boolean validateToken(String token) {
        try {
            Jws<Claims> claims = Jwts.parser().setSigningKey(secretKey).parseClaimsJws(token);

            if (claims.getBody().getExpiration().before(new Date())) {
                return false;
            }

            return true;
        } catch (JwtException | IllegalArgumentException e) {
            throw new InvalidJwtAuthenticationException("Expired or invalid JWT token");
        }
    }

}

2.2 JWT的过滤器

这个过滤器的主要功能是从请求中获取JWT,然后进行校验,如何成功则把Authentication放进ReactiveSecurityContext里去。当然,如果没有带相关的请求头,那可能是通过其它方式进行鉴权,则直接放过,让它进入下一个Filter

public class JwtTokenAuthenticationFilter implements WebFilter {

    public static final String HEADER_PREFIX = "Bearer ";

    private final JwtTokenProvider tokenProvider;

    public JwtTokenAuthenticationFilter(JwtTokenProvider tokenProvider) {
        this.tokenProvider = tokenProvider;
    }

    @Override
    public Mono<Void> filter(ServerWebExchange exchange, WebFilterChain chain) {
        String token = resolveToken(exchange.getRequest());
        if (StringUtils.hasText(token) && this.tokenProvider.validateToken(token)) {
            Authentication authentication = this.tokenProvider.getAuthentication(token);
            return chain.filter(exchange)
                    .subscriberContext(ReactiveSecurityContextHolder.withAuthentication(authentication));
        }
        return chain.filter(exchange);
    }

    private String resolveToken(ServerHttpRequest request) {
        String bearerToken = request.getHeaders().getFirst(HttpHeaders.AUTHORIZATION);
        if (StringUtils.hasText(bearerToken) && bearerToken.startsWith(HEADER_PREFIX)) {
            return bearerToken.substring(7);
        }
        return null;
    }
}

2.3 Security的配置

这里设置了两个异常处理authenticationEntryPointaccessDeniedHandler

@Configuration
public class SecurityConfig {

    @Bean
    SecurityWebFilterChain springWebFilterChain(ServerHttpSecurity http,
                                                JwtTokenProvider tokenProvider,
                                                ReactiveAuthenticationManager reactiveAuthenticationManager) {

        return http.csrf(ServerHttpSecurity.CsrfSpec::disable)
                .httpBasic(ServerHttpSecurity.HttpBasicSpec::disable)
                .authenticationManager(reactiveAuthenticationManager)
                .exceptionHandling().authenticationEntryPoint(
                        (swe, e) -> {
            swe.getResponse().setStatusCode(HttpStatus.UNAUTHORIZED);
            return swe.getResponse().writeWith(Mono.just(new DefaultDataBufferFactory().wrap("UNAUTHORIZED".getBytes())));
        })
                .accessDeniedHandler((swe, e) -> {
            swe.getResponse().setStatusCode(HttpStatus.FORBIDDEN);
            return swe.getResponse().writeWith(Mono.just(new DefaultDataBufferFactory().wrap("FORBIDDEN".getBytes())));
        }).and()
                .securityContextRepository(NoOpServerSecurityContextRepository.getInstance())
                .authorizeExchange(it -> it
                        .pathMatchers(HttpMethod.POST, "/auth/login").permitAll()
                        .pathMatchers(HttpMethod.GET, "/admin").hasRole("ADMIN")
                        .pathMatchers(HttpMethod.GET, "/user").hasRole("USER")
                        .anyExchange().permitAll()
                )
                .addFilterAt(new JwtTokenAuthenticationFilter(tokenProvider), SecurityWebFiltersOrder.HTTP_BASIC)
                .build();
    }


    @Bean
    public ReactiveAuthenticationManager reactiveAuthenticationManager(CustomUserDetailsService userDetailsService,
                                                                       PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder) {
        UserDetailsRepositoryReactiveAuthenticationManager authenticationManager = new UserDetailsRepositoryReactiveAuthenticationManager(userDetailsService);
        authenticationManager.setPasswordEncoder(passwordEncoder);
        return authenticationManager;
    }
}

2.4 获取JWT的Controller

先判断对用户密码进行判断,如果正确则返回对应的权限用户,根据用户生成JWT,再返回给客户端。

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/auth")
public class AuthController {

    @Autowired
    ReactiveAuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    @Autowired
    JwtTokenProvider jwtTokenProvider;

    @PostMapping("/login")
    public Mono<String> login(@RequestBody AuthRequest request) {
        String username = request.getUsername();
        Mono<Authentication> authentication = authenticationManager.authenticate(new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(username, request.getPassword()));

        return authentication.map(auth -> jwtTokenProvider.createToken(auth));
    }
}

3 总结

其它与之前的大同小异,不一一讲解了。

代码请查看:https://github.com/LarryDpk/pkslow-samples